The go-to pediatrician BENJAMIN SPOCK was born (d: 1998). Before there was Vulcan “Spock” there was Dr. Spock. His book, Baby and Child Care, published in 1946, is one of the biggest best-sellers of all time. Its revolutionary message to mothers was that “you know more than you think you do.”

Spock was an early advocate for the rights of LGBT people. He was also the People’s Party candidate in the 1972 United States presidential election on a platform which called for free medical care, the repeal of “victimless crime” laws, including the legalization of abortion, homosexuality, and marijuana, a guaranteed minimum income for families and the immediate withdrawal of all American troops from foreign countries. He died in 1998.