Today was D-DAY. The Normandy landings (code named Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on Tuesday, June 6, 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied Invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. The largest seaborne invasion in history, the operation began the liberation of German-occupied northwestern Europe from Nazi control, and contributed to the Allied victory on the Western Front. Nearly 5,000 landing and assault craft, 289 escort vessels, and 277 minesweepers participated. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on D-Day, with 875,000 men disembarking by the end of June.
Allied casualties on the first day were at least 10,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead. The Germans lost 1,000 men.
Caen, a major objective, was still in German hands at the end of D-Day and would not be completely captured until July 21. The Germans had ordered French civilians, other than those deemed essential to the war effort, to leave potential combat zones in Normandy. Civilian casualties on D-Day and D+1 are estimated at 3,000 people..