11-17-1854

Louis Hubert Gonsalve Lyautey

LOUIS HUBERT GONSALVE LYAUTEY, born (d: 1934); French general, the first Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925 and from 1921 Marshal of France. Lyautey was one of the most successful imperialist rulers in history. It was he who governed Morocco for the French, developed its economy, extended its borders, and pacified native resistance. During WWI, even with diminished troops, Lyautey maintained an iron rule over this French protectorate. During his administration, inadvertently, perhaps, Morocco became a place of refuge for homosexuals from all over Europe who came to sample the delights of the native population. Lyautey is one of the many real life homosexuals who people Roger Peyrefitte’s novel, The Exile of Capri.